Making an effective lesson plans takes time, diligence, and an understanding of your students’ goals a lesson plan to prepare children for school abilities. The goal, as with all teaching, is to motivate the students to take in what you are teaching and to retain as much as possible.
At the beginning of every lesson, write your lesson plan goal at the top. Something like, “Students will be able to identify different animal body structures that enable eating, breathing, moving, and thriving. Basically, it’s what your students can do after you’re done with them! Use broad strokes to outline the big ideas for the class. This depends on the length of your class. If there’s a lot to cover in a fixed amount of time, break your plan into sections that you can speed up or slow down to accommodate changes as they happen. We’ll use a 1-hour class as an example.
Discuss Shakespearean history briefly, focusing on his creative period 2 years before and after Hamlet. Class discussion regarding major themes in the play. Class writes single paragraph describing current event in Shakespearean terms. Individually encourage bright students to write 2 paragraphs, and coach slower students.
Collect papers, assign homework, dismiss class. Identify clearly who you are going to educate. What might they already know, and where might they be deficient? Some students do well on their own, others in pairs, and yet others in big groups. So long as you’re letting them interact and build off each other, you’re doing your job. But since each student is different, try to allow opportunities for all types of interactions. Address a variety of learning styles.
You’re bound to have some students that can’t sit through a 25-minute video and others who can’t be bothered to read a two-page excerpt from a book. Neither is dumber than the other, so do them a service by switching up your activities to utilize every student’s abilities. What should you keep in mind about your students? Students are people and come in every form imaginable! You’ll have extroverts, introverts, and everything in between. Make sure you are flexible with your lesson planning and accommodate all types of people.
Every student has their own learning style and learning preferences. Some work best alone while others work best in big groups. It’s up to you to figure out how to get the most out of your students. Remember, most activities are easily adapted to different group sizes. Some students are just smarter than others.
Every student has their own individual strengths and weaknesses. While some might excel at reports, others might excel at presentations or debates! Some students will know more than you. Even though you are the teacher, you will inevitably run into students who know more than you about any given topic. Instead of shutting these students down by downplaying their knowledge, this is a great opportunity to employ a different teaching strategy.
At the beginning of every class, the students’ brains aren’t primed yet for the content. If someone just started explaining open heart surgery, you’d probably be all, “Woah, woah. Go back to “take the scalpel. That’s what the warm up is for — it not only gauges their knowledge, but it gets them into your groove. That’s just about as straightforward as it gets, huh? However your format, you need to start with the information presented.
It could be a video, a song, text, or even a concept. It’s the very core the entire lesson is based on. Without this, the students will go nowhere. Depending on your students’ levels, you may have to go pretty bare bones. You may find it useful to flat out tell the students what they’ll be learning.