As in the USSR, children earned money
The Soviet child was not realistic in making large sums of money in a legal way.
And this despite the fact that parasitism was prosecuted by law, and record breakers were encouraged in every way.
At that time, there were only state-owned enterprises and institutions that could not hire a child under a certain age. These rules were strictly prescribed by law, so there was no chance to formally get settled. That is why the children came up with various ways to get at least some personal income.
The main ways of generating income for children were:
Delivery of bottles
Tara with a wide mouth of milk and yogurt, as well as the capacity of brown and green shades of beer were collected everywhere. The children stored them at home, and then handed over in a crowd. Also took jars of mayonnaise and sour cream, wine and lemonade bottles.
In almost all cities and small towns, glassware points were opened, which took bottles for pennies. They became the hope of young entrepreneurs to receive personal money.
The work schedule in these institutions was shortened, so the children first rushed from the school for “glass loot”, and then hurried to have time before closing. The receivers were quite demanding, so they could not accept the dishes. The glass container should have been absolutely clean, with a peeled label, without cracks and chips.
Delivery of waste paper
Unnecessary newspapers and books were taken for mere pennies, so this kind of children's business was rather laborious. The most resourceful entrepreneurs sold waste paper to book lovers. In those days, good literature was impossible to buy in the store. But it could be exchanged for a mountain of unnecessary paper. The parties agreed on mutually beneficial terms, everyone got what they wanted.
Typically, the procurement of medicinal plants involved in pharmacies. The announcement of the list of essential herbs and their purchase price was placed inside the building itself. They took birch catkins, nettles, lime blossom, lingonberries and others. The catch was that the pharmacies took the already dried grass, and this required space and time.
The initial weighing promised a good amount, but it was erroneous, as the plants lost weight after the liquid had evaporated. Many people stopped collecting herbs after receiving their first earnings, as it turned out to be much less than they expected.
Older children could work part-time (4 hours) in the summer, enrolling in the field school brigade at the collective farm. The main tasks were planting, weeding and harvesting.
Photo: from open sources