The Essential Vermeer Glossary of Art-Related Terms: D – I This glossary contains a number of recurrent terms found on the present site which may not be clear to all readers, especially when employed within the context of an art discussion. Some of these terms, signaled by an icon of the Easel for drawing for kids two way to buy’s monogram and signature, are also discussed as they relate to specifically Vermeer’s art.
The terms in this glossary are cross-linked or externally linked only the first time they appear in each individual entry. Dammar Varnish Dammar is a type of tree sap from Malaysia, Borneo, Java and Sumatra. The varnish retains its colorless appearance longer than any other common varnish. It is generally composed of a single resin, such as Dammar or a synthetic type. Dammar contains a high percentage of turps, or mineral spirits.
Dead-coloring was so important in the painting process that it was mandatory in early days of Flemish painting. In 1546, one of the ‘s Hertogenbosch guild rules states, “7. It was not uncommon in the busier seventeenth-century studios that assistants worked up numbers of paintings to the dead-coloring stage that only needed to be finished by the master. Maintaining an abundant stock of images on spec may have been a expedient to entice prospective buyers. Click here for more information on dead-color. As far as it is possible to understand, Vermeer used the dead-coloring methods common among Northern painters.
It has been remarked that more than one passage in The Geographer appears unfinished and that this allows us to have a glimpse at Vermeer’s underpainting although it is not out of the question that early restoration may be partially responsible for the loss of the uppermost paint layers. Decorative Arts The decorative arts are arts or crafts concerned with the design and manufacture of beautiful objects that are also functional. It includes interior design, but not usually architecture. The concept of decorum is also applied to prescribed limits of appropriate social behavior within set situations and suitability of subject matter and style in painting. According to da Vinci’s theory of Decorum, the gestures which a figure makes must not only demonstrate feelings, but must be appropriate to age, rank, and position. A color is deep or has depth when is has low lightness and strong saturation. Opposite to deep colors in both value and saturation are pale colors, such as lead-tin yellow, and white.
Some paints are inherently deep, such as natural ultramarine and alizarin crimson. In addition to dating, dendrochronology can also provide information as to the source of the panel. Many Early Netherlandish paintings have turned out to be painted on panels of “Baltic oak” shipped from the Vistula region via ports of the Hanseatic League. Oak panels were used in a number of northern countries such as England, France and Germany. Wooden supports other than oak were rarely used by Netherlandish painters. The support of Vermeer’s Girl with a Flute is a single, vertically grained oak panel with beveled edges on the back.