What is now Uzbekistan was in ancient times part of the Iranian-speaking region of Transoxiana. After the Mongol Conquests, the area became increasingly dominated by Turkic peoples. Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its storied history and strategic location. Shavkat Mirziyoyev started a new course, kis school almaty was described as a A Quiet Revolution and Revolution from Above.
The Uzbek economy is in a gradual transition to the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution. In September 2017, the country’s currency became fully convertible in the market rates. It is the 56th largest country in the world by area and the 42nd by population. Among the CIS countries, it is the 4th largest by area and the 2nd largest by population. Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country. Uzbekistan has a rich and diverse natural environment.
However, decades of questionable Soviet policies in pursuit of greater cotton production have resulted in a catastrophic scenario with the agricultural industry being the main contributor to the pollution and devastation of both air and water in the country. The Aral Sea used to be the fourth-largest inland sea on Earth, acting as an influencing factor in the air moisture and arid land use. Due to the Aral Sea problem, high salinity and contamination of the soil with heavy elements are especially widespread in Karakalpakstan, the region of Uzbekistan adjacent to the Aral Sea. Uzbekistan needs to consider its ecological safety. Chlorite and limestone, Bactria, beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. Alexander the Great at the Battle of Issus. Mosaic in the National Archaeological Museum, Naples.
As China began to develop its silk trade with the West, Iranian cities took advantage of this commerce by becoming centres of trade. Using an extensive network of cities and rural settlements in the province of Transoxiana, and further east in what is today China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, the Sogdian intermediaries became the wealthiest of these Iranian merchants. Triumphant crowd at Registan, Sher-Dor Madrasah. Russian troops taking Samarkand in 1868, by Nikolay Karazin.
In 327 BC Macedonian ruler Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire provinces of Sogdiana and Bactria, which contained the territories of modern Uzbekistan. Many notable scientists lived there and contributed to its development during the Islamic Golden Age. In the 9th and 10th centuries, Transoxiana was included into the Samanid State. The Mongol conquest under Genghis Khan during the 13th century would bring about a change to the region. Following the death of Genghis Khan in 1227, his empire was divided among his four sons and his family members. Despite the potential for serious fragmentation, the Mongol law of the Mongol Empire maintained orderly succession for several more generations, and control of most of Transoxiana stayed in the hands of the direct descendants of Chagatai Khan, the second son of Genghis Khan. Two Sart men and two Sart boys in Samarkand, c.