WebMD explains sensory processing disorder, a condition in which the brain has trouble receiving information from the senses. People with the condition may be over-sensitive to things in their environment, such as sounds. Formerly referred to as sensory integration dysfunction, it is not currently recognized a a distinct medical diagnosis. Some people with sensory processing disorder are oversensitive sensory motor development in young children things in their environment.
Common sounds may be painful or overwhelming. The light touch of a shirt may chafe the skin. Sensory processing problems are usually identified in children. But they can also affect adults. Sensory processing problems are commonly seen in developmental conditions like autism spectrum disorder.