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The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. A common misconception is that speech-language pathology is restricted to adjusting a speaker’s speech sound articulation to meet the expected normal pronunciation, such as helping English speaking individuals enunciate the traditionally difficult “r”. SLPs can also often help people who stutter to speak more fluently. Articulation and fluency are only two facets of the work of an SLP, however. Voice difficulties, such as a raspy voice, a voice that is too soft, or other voice difficulties that negatively impact a person’s social or professional performance. Swallowing disorders can occur at any age and can stem from multiple causes. SLPs work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.
Parkinson’s Disease often develop voice issues as a result of their disease. SLPs collaborate with other health care professionals, often working as part of a multidisciplinary team. The treatment for patients with cleft lip and palate has an interdisciplinary character. The speech therapy outcome is even better when the surgical treatment is performed earlier. SLPs work in a variety of clinical and educational settings. SLPs conduct research related to communication sciences and disorders, swallowing disorders, or other upper aerodigestive functions. In the United States, speech-language pathology is a Master’s entry-level professional degree field.
The CFY is no less than 36 weeks of full-time experience, totaling a minimum of 1260 hours. During the CFY, the CF cannot earn CFY hours unless they work more than 5 hours in a week and cannot earn any CFY hours beyond 35 hours in a week. States are responsible for licensure of clinicians and other professionals and, as far as the new SLP, these requirements are often similar to that of the CFY. Following the state licensure procedures and national certification requirements are usually done simultaneously. Educate, supervise, and mentor future SLPs. Educate and provide in-service training to families, caregivers, and other professionals. Educating and counseling individuals, families, co-workers, educators, and other persons in the community regarding acceptance, adaptation, and decisions about communication and swallowing.
Credentials of a clinical fellow typically read as: MA, MS, or M. Credentials of a fully licensed SLP commonly read as: MA, MS, or M. Cs” the Certification of Clinical Competence, in speech-language pathology. Salaries of SLPs depend on a variety of factors including educational background, work experience, and location. For many parents, the decision of whether or not to enroll students into school-based speech therapy or privately practiced therapy is challenging. Because school-based speech therapy is run under state guidelines and funds, the process of assessment and qualification is more strict. To qualify for in-school speech therapy, students must meet the state’s criteria on language testing and speech standardization.
Speech-language pathologists work with clients and patients who may present with a wide range of issues. In the US, some children are eligible to receive speech therapy services, including assessment and lessons through the public school system. If not, private therapy is readily available through personal lessons with a qualified Speech-Language Pathologist or the growing field of telepractice. In the UK, children are entitled to an assessment by local NHS Speech and Language Therapy teams, usually after referral by health visitors or education settings, but parents are also entitled to request an assessment directly.
If treatment is appropriate, a care plan will be drawn up. Speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke”. Scope of practice in speech-language pathology “. Scope of Practice in Speech-Language Pathology”.