Depression is a common yet complex mental health condition affecting more than 16 million adults and 3 million adolescents in the US each year. People symptom of depression in teenagers depression feel sad, empty, or hopeless much of the time. It saps the joy of being with friends and family.
Some cases of depression have a genetic component, but lots of factors beyond an inherited tendency can spur and aggravate depression symptoms, including various environmental factors. Sometimes people don’t acknowledge or recognize depression in themselves or others, so they fail to seek help from a health care professional. Depression can wreck lives, friendships, and marriages and pose problems at school or work. Some people may turn to alcohol or drugs to ease their pain or consider some form of self-harm or suicide as an escape.
If you’re feeling depressed or suspect a loved one is struggling with depression, it’s important to reach out for help as soon as possible. Most cases, even severe depression, can be successfully treated. Types of depression Major depressive disorder or major depression is another name for classic depression, the type that thrusts people into a dark mood. To be diagnosed with major depression, you must have symptoms that interfere with daily life nearly every day for at least two weeks. Persistent depressive disorder is a common, long-lasting form of depression characterized by low mood.
People have symptoms for two years or more, but they aren’t as disruptive as in major depression. Medication- or alcohol-induced depression is a mood change caused by the use or abuse or alcohol, certain medications, and illicit drugs. Also called substance-induced depression, symptoms may occur when someone stops taking certain medicines or drugs too. It’s normal for these diagnoses to be emotional, but if mood changes linger for more than a couple of weeks, you might have depression.