This article is about schools for younger children between the ages of three and five. For the stage of childhood which ranges from 5-8 years old, see early childhood. In some European countries the term “kindergarten” refers to formal education the current state of development of preschool education children classified as ISCED level 0 – with one or several years of such education being compulsory – before children start primary school at ISCED level 1. May also be used to define services for children younger than kindergarten age, especially in countries where kindergarten is compulsory.
The Pre-Primary program takes place in a Nursery School. Nursery School, but can also be called “a child care service” or a “crèche”. Preschool education is important and beneficial to your child attending nursery school. 4 to 5 years old- held in Nursery School and is an initiative to improve access to pre-primary schools for children in the USA. There is much more than teaching your child colors, numbers, shapes and so on. Samuel Wilderspin, one of the founders of preschool education.
1848 engraving by John Rogers Herbert. In an age when school was restricted to children who had already learned to read and write at home, there were many attempts to make school accessible to orphans or to the children of women who worked in factories. In 1779, Johann Friedrich Oberlin and Louise Scheppler founded in Strassbourg an early establishment for caring for and educating pre-school children whose parents were absent during the day. In 1816, Robert Owen, a philosopher and pedagogue, opened the first British and probably globally the first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland.
Samuel Wilderspin opened his first infant school in London in 1819, and went on to establish hundreds more. He published many works on the subject, and his work became the model for infant schools throughout England and further afield. Play was an important part of Wilderspin’s system of education. Women trained by Fröbel opened Kindergartens throughout Europe and around the World.
The first kindergarten in the United States was founded in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856 and was conducted in German. Elizabeth Harrison wrote extensively on the theory of early childhood education and worked to enhance educational standards for kindergarten teachers by establishing what became the National College of Education in 1886. Due to large demand, various states subsidized preschool for low-income families in the 1980s. The most important years of learning begin at birth. During these early years, humans are capable of absorbing more information than later on. The brain grows most rapidly in the early years.
The areas of development that preschool education covers varies. However, the following main themes are typically offered. Curriculum is designed for differing ages. For example, counting to 10 is generally after the age of four.
Some studies dispute the benefits of preschool education, finding that preschool can be detrimental to cognitive and social development. There is emerging evidence that high quality preschools are “play based,” rather than attempting to provide early formal instruction in academic subjects. While a majority of American preschool programs remain tuition-based, support for some public funding of early childhood education has grown over the years. As of 2008, 38 states and the District of Columbia invested in at least some preschool programs, and many school districts were providing preschool services on their own, using local and federal funds. The benefits and challenges of a public preschool reflect the available funding. Funding can range from federal, state, local public allocations, private sources, and parental fees. The problem of funding a public preschool occurs not only from limited sources but from the cost per child.