Learn how to the development of the emotional sphere in preschool age your child’s social skills flourish. From their earliest days, they begin to connect to and collect information from their caregivers.
This intimate dyad is part of what researcher Erik Erikson calls the stage of Basic Trust vs. From 0-2, children are engaged in relationships, trying to develop a sense of being nurtured and loved. They seek a relationship that engenders trust, security, and a sense of optimism. If they succeed, they will have mastered the basic psychosocial goals of this age and will advance in development with a strong and secure sense of the world and their place within it. Around 9-12 months, babies become more interested in exploration. They begin to point to objects, an important developmental milestone that demonstrates their ability to establish a shared focus with another.
Between 9 and 18 months, babies develop a more sophisticated understanding not only of other people and things, but also themselves. For example, if you secretly put a spot on a 15-month-old baby’s nose and put them in front of the mirror, they don’t behave any differently. Do the same to an 18 month old and they stare at the dot and then try and remove it from their face. Nine to eighteen months is also the time when stranger anxiety begins, where babies hang back with less well-known adults. According to British psychologist John Bowlby, this attachment serves a useful function.