10.08.2018

The essence of the educational standards of preschool education

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This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. It has grown to be the essence of the educational standards of preschool education world’s largest organization concerned with mathematics education, serving members throughout the United States and Canada.

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics presents itself as “the public voice of mathematics education, supporting teachers to ensure equitable mathematics learning of the highest quality for all students through vision, leadership, professional development, and research. NCTM holds annual national and regional conferences for teachers and publishes five journals. Its published standards have been highly influential in the direction of mathematics education in the United States and Canada. All are available in print and online versions. 6 mathematics education by serving as a resource for teachers so as to provide more and better mathematics for all students. 9 mathematics education by serving as a resource for practicing and prospective teachers, as well as supervisors and teacher educators.

14 and supporting teacher education programs. It provides a forum for sharing activities and pedagogical strategies, deepening understanding of mathematical ideas, and linking mathematical education research to practice. Mathematics Teacher Educator contributes to building a professional knowledge base for mathematics teacher educators that stems from, develops, and strengthens practitioner knowledge. NCTM has published a series of math Standards outlining a vision for school mathematics in the USA and Canada.

In 2000, NCTM released the updated Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. Principles and Standards is widely considered to be a more balanced and less controversial vision of reform than its predecessor. In 1944, NCTM created a postwar plan to help World War II have a lasting effect on math education. Grades 1-6 were considered crucial years to build the foundations of math concepts with the main focus on algebra. In the war years, algebra had one understood purpose: to help the military and industries with the war effort.

Math educators hoped to help their students see the need for algebra in the life of an everyday citizen. The controversial 1989 NCTM Standards called for more emphasis on conceptual understanding and problem solving informed by a constructivist understanding of how children learn. The increased emphasis on concepts required decreased emphasis on direct instruction of facts and algorithms. In reform mathematics, students are exposed to algebraic concepts such as patterns and the commutative property as early as first grade.

Standard arithmetic methods are not taught until children have had an opportunity to explore and understand how mathematical principles work, usually by first inventing their own methods for solving problems and sometimes ending with children’s guided discovery of traditional methods. The standards set forth a democratic vision that for the first time set out to promote equity and mathematical power as a goal for all students, including women and underrepresented minorities. The use of calculators and manipulatives was encouraged and rote memorization were de-emphasized. The 1989 standards encouraged writing in order to learn expression of mathematical ideas. The standards soon became the basis for many new federally funded curricula such as the Core-Plus Mathematics Project and became the foundation of many local and state curriculum frameworks.

In the United States, curricula are set at the state or local level. The controversy surrounding the 1989 standards paved the way for revised standards which sought more clarity and balance. In 2000, NCTM used a consensus process involving mathematicians, teachers, and educational researchers to revise its standards with the release of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, which replaced all preceding publications. In September 2006, NCTM released Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics: A Quest for Coherence.