Views of a Foetus in the Womb detail. Early childhood the neural development of children of early age a stage in human development.
It generally includes toddlerhood and some time afterwards. Play age is an unspecific designation approximately within the scope of early childhood. In psychology the term early childhood is usually defined as the time period birth until the age of nine to twelve years, therefore covering infancy, kindergarten and the early school years up to grades 3,4,5 or 6. In this phase there is significant synaptic growth and myelination of neural fibers in the brain, especially within the frontal lobes.
The growth of the brain is followed by a surge in cognitive abilities. Around the age of five, children start speaking properly and master their hand to eye coordination. It is optimal that an environment is provided that encourages physical development and allows the children to explore and try out new things. The physical development in children follows a pattern. The large muscles develop before the small muscles.