Mathematics is commonly called Math in the US and Maths in the UK. Please forward this error screen to sharedip-1071802668. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do worksheets on mathematics for kids 7 years represent a worldwide view of the subject. Summer learning loss is the loss of academic skills and knowledge over the course of summer holidays.
The loss in learning varies across grade level, subject matter, and family income. Low income students generally lose about 2 months of reading achievement. Middle income students experience slight gains in reading performances. For over a century, scholars have recognized that summer vacation is a period when students’ rate of academic development declines relative to the school year. When formal schooling was first established, the school calendar fit the needs of a particular community. When families became more mobile, the school calendar was standardized. After-school activities and summer programs can play a role in combatting summer learning loss.
Studies have shown that if students are able to participate in organized academic activities during the summer months, they are less likely to experience the losses in academic skills and knowledge before the start of the next school year. Throughout the 20th century, numerous studies examined general learning loss among all students during the summer months. A meta-analysis of 39 studies conducted since 1978 found that in the absence of school, all students score lower on standardized math tests at the end of the summer as compared to their performance on the same tests at the beginning of summer. These results are consistent with other researcher’s findings that a family’s socioeconomic status affects children’s achievement scores almost exclusively when school is closed.
Barbara Heyns’ 1978 landmark study of 2,978 6th and 7th graders in the Atlanta city public schools was the first thorough investigation of summer learning. BSS compared the school-year and summer achievement gains of 790 youth across 20 of Baltimore’s public schools from the beginning of first grade in 1982 through the end of elementary school. The study also tracked these students’s progress through high school and college. Researchers from The Ohio State University extended summer learning gap research further by conducting a national study of 17,000 kindergarten and first grade children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.